There are some Indian basic laws that every Indian must know, unfortunately that is not the case. So, we bring you 15 such laws that you should always be aware of. Even in court of law, Ignorance of law is not a defence!
Here they are
1. Ignorance of law is no defence:
In the court of law, you cannot plead as defence the fact that you were not aware of the law. This is what damns most people! And makes the field of law extremely important if one wishes to survive in material life.
2. Streedhan in Hindu Law:
Whatever money, jewellery etc. is given to a bride in her marriage by both her parents as well as the groom’s parents is legally her property. It is known as Streedhan. So ladies, if you are leaving matrimonial home for divorce, take your streedhan with you.
Most people later fight for it in courts as gold is extremely costly.
3. Pre-marital sex:
Consensual pre-marital sex is not illegal in India as long as the girl’s age is more than 16. The recent Madras High court judgement (couples who have had pre-marital sex are considered married) is very interesting. This judgment is not binding on other courts throughout India. And it is quite likely that it will be challenged and the opinion of the SC will matter then.
4. Live in relationships in India:
These are not illegal and any two consenting adults have the freedom to live together without marriage if they wish to. Domestic violence act too takes this relationship into consideration and a woman can get relief under the act even if she is not legally wedded to the man.In fact there is also an inclination to treat live in relationships like marriage in Indian courts if the couple have lived together for many years.Children born out of live in relationships have a right to inherit their parent’s property.
Also, illegitimate children too inherit their father’s property and can claim maintenance.
5. Inheritance of ancestral property by women under Hindu law:
Women have an equal right of inheritance in ancestral property after the 2005 amendment to the Hindu Succession Act. Women can also demand partition of the property and women can also be recognised as the Karta of Joint Hindu family property now.
6. Public display of affection:
Section 294 of the Indian penal code states that whoever commits obscene acts in public places will be punished for a term which may extend up to 3 months. The word ‘Obscene’ is not defined as our definition of it keeps changing with time.
Needless to say, your regular kiss, or goodbye hug do not fall in this category. Therefore, public display of affection is perfectly legal. Only when it inclines towards obscenity, one may be punished.
Also, unfortunately, in spite of a sane law, you may still come across news of policemen harassing couples.
7. Pregnant Employees cannot be fired:
Maternity Benefit Act 1961 states, pregnant employees cannot be fired from the job.Sometimes, employers try to disguise the discrimination behind good intentions. They explain they’re worried about safety, for example. In other cases, the discrimination is more blatant. Either way, it’s illegal.
According to Indian Sarais Act, 1867 any individual can ask for water free of charge from any hotel at any time for themselves and their pets. Furthermore, he or she can use the washroom for free, and no one can stop them.
8. A Single man cannot adopt a baby girl child:
According to the Ministry of Women and Child Development stated a law which made clear that a single man cannot adopt a girl child to make adoption clean and safe.
9. Whenever traffic police stops you for checking license or papers, he/she does NOT have any right to seize the key of your bike or car:
Anyone who rides on Indian roads must have faced this or at least seen it happen. Police officers just take out the keys to the vehicle, even though this is completely AGAINST the law. But most Indians are unaware of this, so they say nothing and face harassment at the hands of the police.
Next time a traffic police stops you and takes out the keys to your vehicle, do not remain silent and teach him the law.
Another option is to carry a duplicate key with you in your pocket, so that even if the police takes your original key, you have another one which you can use to just drive away right in front of police’s eyes, although it is not recommended.
10. In case of an accident arising out of explosion of LPG cylinders at home, consumers are ensured for upto Rs 40 lakhs in events of death or damage to property:
Both, the LPG companies (oil companies) and the LPG Distributors (Gas agencies) take Third Party Liability Insurance. No premium is collected from the LPG customer. The LPG accident victims can claim insurance from the company and also from his/her local Gas Agency(distributor).
This third party liability policy (public liability policy) provides personal accident cover, reimburses medical expenses and covers property damage at authorized customer’s registered premises. The sum assured given to the accident victims is based on per event(accident) and per person (victim).
11. Receiving gifts can be bribes:
It has become a tradition for companies to send gifts! As these gifts can be carefully veiled bribes, the law is a smart move by the government to avoid situations of bribery. Now you can be penalized for these gifts.
12. No traffic violation laws for non-motorised vehicles:
Though it has been clarified that a golf cart is not allowed on the road but there aren’t any penalties against non motor vehicles like a cycles or rickshaws, since they don’t fall under the Motor Vehicles Act.
13. Women can lodge complaints through emails:
Guidelines issued by the Delhi Police entitle women to the privilege of registering a complaint via email or even through post if she can’t go to the police station.
14. If you have been fined once in the day you maybe excused after that:
Riding around without a helmet can land you into trouble, but once you are fined for it, thechalaan slip can get you out of being fined for the same till midnight. Yes, but this is not an encouragement to do so. Be safe while driving.
15. A Woman can lodge a FIR at any Police Station regardless of the place of Crime:
In 2013 Delhi Police had announced that a woman can file a FIR irrespective of the crime that has happened in whichever location. Women should not be asked to run from pillar to pillar demanding justice hence this kind of rule will allow them to lodge the complaint without any fear.