India is home to some great history which brought along with it some great architecture. Each building has a story to tell, so does each architectural style. Stories of Indian history can be narrated through the various architectural styles found here. Here’s a list of some of the most stunning architectural styles found in India.
1) Portuguese-Baroque Influences,Goa
The colonial era began in India in the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese. The Portuguese adopted the Iberian patio houses to suit the tropical climate of Goa. The mixed architecture that had elements of Gothic, Renaissance as well as motifs can be traced to their travels and other colonies. The basilica of Bom Jesus is an example of this type of architecture.
2) British Colonial Influences, Kolkata
Kolkata was the first capital under the British Raj, so no wonder the Britishers built a lot many buildings in Kolkata. A lot of architecture of that time have elements of Gothic, Victorian and Georgian styles. The architectural style could be found in various buildings like St John’s Church, the High Court, General Post Office, St Andrew’s Church, and the Town Hall.
3) Gothic Architecture, Mumbai
Famous buildings in Mumbai like the Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Bombay High Court and the Rajabai Towers have Revival Gothic Architecture. Most of these buildings were built in the 19th century with the rising fortunes in cotton trade. Structures that were built in the late 19th century like The Gateway Of India had Gothic architecture infused with Hindu and Mughal elements.
4) Mughal Architecture, North India
A lot of Delhi monuments have Mughal architecture. Mughal architecture can also be seen Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Agra Fort, Red Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Shalimar Bagh, Jama Masjid, etc were built during the 16th and late 17th century.
5) Franco-Tamil Architecture, Pondicherry
French colonisation was set up in Pondicherry in 1964. At present Pondicherry is divided into two segments- French and Tamil quarters. The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) Pondicherry has been trying its best to preserve these structures. In case the structure cannot be preserved, the owners are encouraged to rebuild the same style.
6) Le Corbusier’s Modernist Architecture, Chandigarh
The first planned city of independent India, Chandigarh was designed by architecture Le Corbusier. The High Court, Government Museum and Art Gallery, Palace of Assembly, and the Chandigarh College of Architecture are some of the examples of his architectural style.
7) Louis Kahn’s Modern Architecture, Ahmedabad
One of India’s premier institutes for management, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad was designed by American architect Louis Kahn. Established in 1961, Louis’ design included natural cooling system and light wells to suit the local climate.
8) Lutyens’ British Colonial Architecture
When the colonial capital was shifted from Kolkata to Delhi, British architect Edwin Lutyens was given the responsibility to design the city. He combined Islamic and Buddhist elements with classical architecture to produce buildings like Lutyens Bungalow Zone, today’s Rashtrapati Bhavan (then the Viceroy’s House), India Gate, Rajpath and its surrounding area.
Wonderful, isn’t it?